Science Museum Group Journal
The Science Museum Group Journal presents the global research community with peer-reviewed papers relevant to the wide-ranging work of the Science Museum Group. The journal freely shares the research of four national UK museums and warmly invites contributions that resonate with their collections and practice.
06 CURRENT ISSUE Autumn 2016 - Issue 06
Issue 06 of the Journal presents readers with several new research articles. Ian Hutchings presents a refutation of a number of early twentieth century working model interpretations of Leonardo da Vinci drawings; Dr Jaume Sastre-Juan analyses changing perceptions of European industrial museums as expressed in reports by the curators, directors and trustees of the New York Museum of Science and Industry in the 1920s and 1930s; while Claire Kennard focuses on a single object – Shizuo Ishiguro’s storm surge prediction machine – soon to appear in the Science Museum’s new maths gallery. We also include a thought-provoking text from Dr Jane Gregory on the importance of applying existing technologies to address global issues, as well as a review of the recent John Dee exhibition at The Royal College of Physicians. We hope you enjoy reading this issue!
Giovanni Canestrini’s models of Leonardo da Vinci’s friction experiments
Among the many mechanical models based on Leonardo da Vinci’s drawings, several purport to illustrate his experiments on friction. This article traces the history of these models and examines them critically in the light of recent research into Leonardo’s studies of friction.
Pilgrimages to the museums of the new age: appropriating European industrial museums in New York City (1927–1937)
This article analyses the changing perceptions of European industrial museums as expressed in the reports written by the curators, directors and trustees of the New York Museum of Science and Industry between 1927 and 1937.
Challenges of conservation: working objects
A review of conservation concepts and practice, and provision of access to objects. Discussion of the conservation issues which arise when industrial objects are operated, and of the need for research into the effects of operation and the visitor experience.
Flying Scotsman: modernity, nostalgia and Britain’s ‘cult of the past’
This article explores the rescue and restoration of the world famous steam locomotive Flying Scotsman in 1963 and explores wider questions about what it means to preserve cultural objects and how, if at all, their authenticity can be preserved.
A statistical campaign: Florence Nightingale and Harriet Martineau’s 'England and her Soldiers'
An essay on the making of England and her Soldiers, a book written by Harriet Martineau and based on the statistical work of Florence Nightingale.
The Art and Science of Acoustic Recording: Re-enacting Arthur Nikisch and the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra’s landmark 1913 recording of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony
In 2014, at the Royal College of Music, an orchestra recorded on to wax discs using a horn and mechanical technology from the acoustic era of sound recording. This article examines the processes, practices and outcomes of the sessions and reflects on the musicians’ experiences.